What Are The 5 Characteristics of Emotional Intelligence

There are many types of intelligence, and it is our responsibility to learn about them and how to incorporate them into our daily lives. Sources of intelligence can be quantified using quotients. Most of us are familiar with IQ, or intelligence quotient, which is mainly related to our ability to memorize, remember things from memory, and think logically. Have you ever met someone who still seems to keep their cool, who can manage even the most uncomfortable social situations gracefully, and who makes others feel at ease? There’s a good chance that those people have emotional intelligence, as described by psychologists. This article will highlight the 5 characteristics of emotional intelligence. But before that, let us understand what emotional intelligence is all about.

Characteristics of Emotional Intelligence
source: Pixabay

What is Emotional Intelligence?

Emotional intelligence is a type of intelligence that includes the ability to process, understand, and positively manage emotional information to soothe pressure, communicate effectively, relate with other people, and overcome challenges. In other words, emotional intelligence can be said to be your capability to observe, comprehend, and manage your outlooks and emotions. It is essential in building a well-balanced life. Emotional intelligence helps you build grounded relationships, achieve your individual and career objective, and prevail at school and work. Emotional intelligence has two different dimensions, they are:

  • Intrapersonal intelligence – is being intelligent in recognizing your thoughts and feeling (Mindfulness) and being successful at managing those thoughts (self-management).
  • Interpersonal intelligence – is being smart in identifying the thoughts and feelings of others and being successful in your activities to work with others most suitably.

Everyone has their own distinct personality, needs and desires, and ways of communicating their emotions and feelings. Emotional intelligence is needed to effectively deal with all of these complexities. As a result, it is important for maintaining emotional equilibrium in our lives, both personally and professionally. People with higher emotional intelligence are more effective in life because they know the sensitivity of others’ emotions and make them feel good and relaxed, making them loved by all. Now, what are these 5 characteristics of emotional intelligence?

5 Characteristics of Emotional Intelligence

There are five key characteristics that any emotionally intelligent person can exhibit. They are Self Awareness, Self Regulation, Motivation, Empathy, and social skills, according to Daniel Goleman, an American Psychologist.


Knowing and understanding yourself is the first step toward reaching a high degree of emotional intelligence. Self-awareness helps people to be truthful with themselves and embrace and harness their talents, limitations, interests, and deficiencies to make the best life and business decisions possible. Self-conscious people are aware of how their feelings and behavior, influence themselves and others, as well as their work results. Self-aware leaders can better cope with the stresses and challenges that come their way in challenging work environments, such as difficult clients, tight deadlines, and other demanding situations. Leaders who are mindful of their own emotional causes may defuse potentially aggressive situations by taking a step back, understanding how they are feeling, and behaving in a controlled and successful manner. See more on self-awareness. HERE


This is one step further, emotional intelligence helps people regulate their feelings and desires while also stopping them from being violent and jealous. It trains a person to think before acting in a given situation. Self-control makes us more thoughtful, adaptable to change, trustworthy, and attentive.


Empathy, or the ability to understand how others feel, is an integral component of emotional intelligence. However, it entails more than just being able to understand others’ emotional states. It also includes how you react to people based on the knowledge you’ve gathered.

How do you respond when you sense someone is depressed or hopeless? You could show them extra tenderness and consideration, or you could attempt to lift their spirits. Empathy also helps you to comprehend the power dynamics that frequently affect social relationships, especially in the workplace. This is crucial for directing your interactions with the various people you meet daily

Social Skills

People with high emotional intelligence develop admirable social and communication skills. They don’t only develop themselves; they encourage others to do so as well, demonstrating good team-building abilities. Furthermore, their wider vision and proactiveness allow them to master the art of crisis resolution.


Emotionally intelligent individuals are aware of the underlying motive that drives their decisions. Internal incentives such as a sense of purpose or success inspire them, and they are aware of this in themselves and others. They excel when they are challenged to do something they never thought they could.

However, there are other characteristics of emotional intelligence besides the ones postulated by Daniel Goleman and they include:

  • Analytical Mind: Deep thinkers who evaluate and process all new knowledge that comes their way are the most emotionally intelligent and resolute people. They continue to examine historical data, patterns, and methods to see whether they can find ways to change.
  • Open-minded: Keeping an open mind about what you know and accepting what you don’t know opens the door to new perspectives and improvement.
  • Confidence/belief: Using the power of faith to trust in yourself in the present and the future is an important part of preserving emotional self-control. It entails trusting that the people and stuff in your life are there for a reason and that all will work out in the end.
Characteristics of Emotional Intelligence
source: pixabay

Ways to Improve Your Emotional Intelligence

Analyzing how your action will influence others before taking those actions and imagining others’ perspectives to completely comprehend the results of those actions.

  • Participate in self-assessment to identify your shortcomings and get a genuine picture of yourself.
  • Look at how you respond to unpleasant circumstances and work on remaining calm and peaceful.
  • Seeing how you respond to other people, putting forth a purposeful attempt to imagine their perspective, and focusing on being more open and tolerating of their viewpoints and needs of others.
  • Taking responsibility for your actions includes facing your mistakes, saying ‘sorry’, and attempting to make things right.

I would like to know your thoughts and contribution in the comment section below. 

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